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COMMON
PROBLEMS
BACK PAIN

BACK PAIN CAN BE CAUSED
BY DIFFERING LEVELS OF
STRESS ON THE STRUCTURES
OF THE BACK

COMMON
PROBLEMS
BACK PAIN

BACK PAIN CAN BE CAUSED
BY DIFFERING LEVELS OF
STRESS ON THE STRUCTURES
OF THE BACK

WHAT IS
BACK PAIN

Back pain can be caused by differing levels of stress on the structures of the back. Strain on ligaments, joints, discs, nerves, muscles, fascia and tendons results in trauma which is reported to the brain as pain. Stiffness and weakness can also result from prolonged strains.

The physio will test the back for imbalances in range of motion, joint stiffness, ligament laxity and muscle imbalances. Swelling and muscle spasm can be noted and managed, serious pathology is imaged to define diagnosis. These imbalances are then duly managed with manual therapies and other modalities eg exercise, traction, electrotherapies, ice or heat. Predisposing factors will be addressed to prevent recurrence.


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OTHER SYMPTOMS

- Bottom or gluteus ache secondary to the lower back pain

– Leg symptoms of tightness, pins and needles / numbness, weakness

– Inability to sit comfortably at work

– Disturbed sleep, unable to lie in a comfortable position or turn over without pain.


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DO'S AND DON'TS

Do visit your physio or GP for a diagnosis as this will help speed your recovery back to pain free work and sporting activities.
Do avoid heat packs in the first few days after injury as it may increase inflammation.
Do trial some gentle stretches if you have had back pain before and have seen a physio chances are the same strucutres have been implicated again and you may just need to loosen up a few tight areas.


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TREATMENTS

- Diagnosis and explanation of your specific condition

– Management of swelling and return to full range of movement of the cervical, thoracic & lumbar joints

– Massage / joint mobolisation / manipulation

– Stretching and strengthening to prevent further weakness & recurrence

– Ice or heat & electrotherapy

– Dry needling and western acupuncture

– Xrays if necessary

– Referral for ant inflammatory medication from your GP if necessary



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SYMPTOMS


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